ѧ٧ӧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ܧڧѧۧܧ ߧѧڧݧڧ

 

ݧѧӧ 6

 

9 ٧ӧ֧٧ ܧӧѧէѧ

 

6.1. ӧѧէѧ , ڧݧ, ڧڧ

ӧѧէѧ , ڧݧ "֧ާ ڧ [֧ܧ] ", ڧ٧ӧ֧֧ ٧ѧѧէߧ ѧէڧڧ ܧѧ "ܧӧѧէѧ ѧߧ" - ާѧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧӧѧէѧ 33. ԧڧ ާѧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧӧѧէѧ ڧѧ ҧݧԧ ѧѧߧ֧ߧڧ ߧ ݧڧݧ, ӧ֧ާ ܧѧ ߧ ߧӧ ֧ӧ֧ ҧݧ ܧݧڧ֧ӧ ܧ -. ҧӧ֧ߧߧ ԧӧ, ڧާ֧ߧ֧ ߧӧߧ - "ڧ֧ާ ݧ֧ڧ ٧ӧ֧٧" (ܧѧ ާا֧ ҧ ڧ٧ӧ֧ߧ ܧߧڧԧ ѧܧѧ ڧܧѧӧ " 9 ٧ӧ֧٧"), ߧ ߧ֧ܧ ڧߧڧ ѧا֧ߧ ߧѧާ "ߧڧԧ ֧֧ާ֧", ާ ֧ ߧ֧ҧէڧާ էѧ ߧ֧ܧ ڧߧާѧڧ ҧ֧٧ݧӧߧ ڧߧ֧֧ߧ ֧ާ. ѧ ܧӧѧէѧ ڧէߧ ӧڧէ ڧ٧ҧѧا֧ ߧ ڧ. 6-1. (٧ҧѧا֧ߧڧ " ڧԧڧߧѧݧ" - ܧѧܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧݧ ߧ ѧߧڧ ֧֧ѧ - ާاߧ ҧݧ ܧݧڧ֧ӧ ߧѧۧ ߧ֧ߧ֧.)


ڧ. 6-1. ֧ާ ڧ ֧ܧ - ާѧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧӧѧէѧ 33.

ѧاէ ڧݧ ٧է֧ ҧ٧ߧѧѧ֧ ֧է֧ݧ֧ߧߧ "٧ӧ֧٧է" ( ڧ ), ߧѧէ֧ݧ֧ߧߧ ֧ާ ڧݧ ڧߧާ ܧѧ֧ӧѧާ ڧߧѧէݧ֧اѧ ڧݧ ڧߧ ڧڧ. ڧ֧ߧѧڧ, ܧѧ ާاߧ էԧѧէѧ, ֧اߧ - ֧ӧ֧ ӧߧڧ٧, ӧӧ֧. ӧ֧٧է ݧ֧է է ٧ էԧ ӧէ֧ էܧ, ݧ 9 ڧէ֧ 1. ߧԧڧ ѧӧ ݧҧ ڧӧէڧ ֧ާ ֧էڧߧ֧ߧڧ ٧ӧ֧٧ - 5 6, 6 7 .., ڧԧ ݧڧߧڧ ڧէ֧ ݧ֧էڧ ܧӧѧէѧѧ: - - - - - - - - - . ֧ާ ߧاߧ էݧ ԧ, ҧ էѧӧݧ ֧ߧ ߧاߧ ٧ӧ֧٧է ߧ֧ ڧӧѧ ѧݧߧ. ѧܧڧ ҧѧ٧ ֧է֧ݧ, ܧѧܧѧ ٧ӧ֧٧է ܧѧܧ ܧӧѧէѧ ܧѧ٧ӧѧ֧ էѧߧߧ ڧѧڧ, ݧ ֧ԧ ٧ӧ֧٧է, ѧӧڧ էڧ ܧӧѧէѧ ( ڧާ֧, "ԧߧ" "ӧէߧ" ٧ӧ֧٧է, ڧݧ ا ٧ӧ֧٧է اڧݧڧ ٧ӧ֧٧է ֧ܧ֧ԧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧԧ ֧ڧէ), ߧ ާ֧اէ ҧ ާ ߧ ҧݧѧԧڧߧ ֧ѧߧڧ. ݧ ֧ߧ ܧѧا֧, ܧѧا֧, 8, ԧէ ߧ ֧ӧ֧-٧ѧѧէ ҧէ֧ 9, ߧ ٧ѧѧէ - 1 .. - . ڧ. 6-2.


ڧ. 6-2. ӧѧէѧ 8- ٧ӧ֧٧է ֧ߧ.

ڧڧ ѧ֧է֧ݧ ٧ӧ֧٧էѧ ߧ֧ѧӧߧާ֧ߧ - ߧ ڧ. 6-3 ܧѧ٧ѧߧ ڧߧѧէݧ֧اߧ ܧѧاէ ٧ӧ֧٧է ڧݧ ڧߧ ڧڧ .


ڧ. 6-3. 9 ٧ӧ֧٧ ڧ ڧڧ.

ܧݧܧ ٧ӧ֧٧է ֧֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ѧ٧ߧ ߧ (֧ߧ - ڧߧܧڧ, ߧ֧֧ߧ - ߧܧڧ), ާاߧ ԧӧڧ, 3 - ߧܧ ֧֧ӧ, 6 - ڧߧܧڧ ֧ѧݧ .. ٧ӧ֧٧ ѧܧا ֧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ ӧ֧, ܧ ߧ ߧѧ٧ӧѧ ܧڧѧۧܧ ٧ܧ: "1 ҧ֧ݧѧ", "7 ܧѧߧѧ", "2 ֧ߧѧ" - ӧ֧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧ ߧ ڧ. 6-4.


ڧ. 6-4. ҧӧ֧ߧߧ ӧ֧ 9 ٧ӧ֧٧.

1- ٧ӧ֧٧է - ҧ֧ݧѧ ( ҧѧ ), ѧէߧ ݧ ( ѧߧ ݧѧ );
2- ٧ӧ֧٧է - ֧ߧѧ ( ), ԧާߧ ѧ ( ٧ ާߧ );
3- ٧ӧ֧٧է - ҧڧ٧ӧѧ ( ѧߧ ҧ ), ѧߧ֧ߧڧ ѧݧӧѧߧڧ ( ݧ ߧ );
4- ٧ӧ֧٧է - ٧֧ݧ֧ߧѧ ( ݧ ), ڧߧ ѧ֧ ( ӧߧ );
5- ٧ӧ֧٧է - ا֧ݧѧ ( ѧ ), ֧ߧ ۧܧ ( ݧߧ اߧ );
6- ٧ӧ֧٧է - ҧ֧ݧѧ ( ݧ ҧѧ ), ֧ߧߧ ѧ֧ ( );
7- ٧ӧ֧٧է - ܧѧߧѧ ( ), ѧ٧ѧ֧ ۧܧ ( ٧ߧ );
8- ٧ӧ֧٧է - ҧ֧ݧѧ ( ҧ ҧѧ ), ֧ӧ ާߧڧ ( ٧ );
9- ٧ӧ֧٧է - ڧݧ֧ӧѧ ( ٧ ٧ ), ѧӧ ާߧڧ ( ҧ ).

ڧ ާ ԧӧڧݧ ݧڧ ߧܧ ܧӧѧէѧ . ߧܧڧ ܧӧѧէѧ ݧѧ֧, ֧ݧ ٧ӧ֧٧է ڧէ ߧ ӧ٧ѧѧߧڧ, ҧӧѧߧڧ: 5 ֧ߧ, 4 ߧ ֧ӧ֧-٧ѧѧէ, 3 ߧ ٧ѧѧէ .. ڧԧ ڧާ֧֧ ֧֧ӧ֧ߧ ߧܧڧ ܧӧѧէѧ - ѧӧߧڧ ڧ. 6-1 6-5.


ڧ. 6-5. ߧܧڧ ܧӧѧէѧ .

ߧܧڧ ܧӧѧէѧ ڧާ֧ߧ֧ ߧ֧ާߧԧ ֧ا, ֧ ߧܧڧ. ܧߧڧԧѧ - ާاߧ ߧѧۧ ڧߧާѧڧ , ܧѧܧ ݧѧ ܧѧܧ ߧѧѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ (ӧ٧ѧѧߧڧ ڧݧ ҧӧѧߧڧ ٧ӧ֧٧) ڧݧ٧ӧѧ.

֧էէ֧ ԧݧѧӧ ԧӧڧݧ ֧ߧ ӧ٧ ާ֧اէ ܧԧ ڧԧѧާ ߧ-ӧѧߧ ֧ާ . ҧӧ֧ߧߧ, ٧ӧ֧٧է ڧԧѧާާѧ (ڧݧ ڧԧѧާާ ٧ӧ֧٧էѧ - ܧѧاէѧ ܧݧ ѧӧڧ ߧ ֧ӧ ާ֧ - էߧ) ݧѧ ߧѧݧا֧ߧڧ ܧԧ ߧ ܧӧѧէѧ, ӧ֧ߧ֧ - ߧ 8 ֧ڧ֧ڧ֧ܧڧ ܧӧѧէѧ. ڧԧѧާާ اߧ ݧاڧ ߧ 3, ߧ - ߧ 4, - ߧ 9... ѧާ֧ ڧ. 6-6 ѧӧڧ ֧ԧ ܧӧѧէѧ , ߧ֧ݧاߧ ߧڧ ӧ֧ӧڧ ٧ӧ֧٧ ڧԧѧާ.


ڧ. 6-6. 8 ڧԧѧާ ߧ-ӧѧߧ ܧӧѧէѧ .

֧ߧѧݧߧ ܧݧ֧ܧ ڧݧ 5 ߧ ӧ֧ӧ֧ ߧ էߧ ڧԧѧާާ. ߧ֧ܧ ݧѧ, ߧѧڧާ֧, ֧է֧ݧ֧ߧڧ ڧԧѧާާ ԧէ اէ֧ߧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ, ӧӧէ էݧߧڧ֧ݧߧ ѧѧާ֧ - ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ, - ڧӧѧڧӧѧ 5- ٧ӧ֧٧է ڧԧѧާާ ߧ ݧڧҧ ߧ: ܧݧܧ 5- ٧ӧ֧٧է ߧڧ ڧڧ ֧ާݧ, ڧӧ٧ӧѧ֧ ߧ ڧߧܧ ڧݧ ߧܧ ֧ާݧ.

ѧ ߧ ߧܧڧ ܧӧѧէѧ ߧѧܧݧѧէӧѧ֧ ߧܧѧ ֧ާ ڧԧѧާ, ѧ ߧ ڧߧܧڧ ܧӧѧէѧ ާاߧ ߧѧݧاڧ ڧߧܧ ֧ާ ڧԧѧާ - ܧ . ڧԧ ݧѧ֧ էԧ ֧ާ ӧ֧ӧڧ ڧԧѧާ ٧ӧ֧٧ - . ڧ. 6-7.


ڧ. 6-7. 8 ڧԧѧާ ڧߧܧ ܧӧѧէѧ .

֧ާ ڧާ֧ߧ֧ ڧߧԧէ էݧ ҧ٧ߧѧ֧ߧڧ "ѧҧݧߧ ߧ֧ߧڧ ڧԧѧާ" (. ѧ٧է֧ 2 ֧էէ֧ ԧݧѧӧ ) ާ ٧ӧ֧٧. ާ֧, ާڧߧѧӧڧ֧ ԧ ڧԧѧާ "էҧ ѧѧէ" "էҧ ܧ" է֧اѧ էѧߧߧ ߧާ֧ߧܧݧѧ ڧԧѧާާ ߧާ֧ѧާ 1, 4, 6, 9 ("ѧѧ") 2, 3, 7, 8 (""). ѧҧ֧ԧѧ ӧ֧֧ ( ԧݧѧӧ 7 ), ܧѧا, ֧ӧѧ ԧ ӧ֧ӧ֧ ڧݧѧ (ܧѧ ڧ ֧ܧ ѧߧ) ڧߧܧڧ ߧѧѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ (٧ѧѧ ֧ӧ֧ - ֧ѧݧ է), ӧѧ ԧ - ڧݧѧ ߧܧڧ ߧѧѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ (ӧ - ֧֧ӧ ԧߧ).

 

 

 

6.2. ݧѧ ֧էӧ֧էڧ, էݧߧ֧ߧڧ

֧ާ 9 ٧ӧ֧٧ ߧѧݧܧ էҧߧ ҧѧ֧ߧڧ, ֧ ӧ٧ӧѧݧ ާߧԧڧާ ڧ֧ާѧާ. ڧէڧާ, ҧ ٧ӧ֧٧է ߧ ܧѧ٧ѧݧڧ ާڧڧ֧ܧڧާ, ڧ ڧӧ٧ѧݧ ݧ ֧էӧ֧էڧ. ֧ҧݧѧ ҧݧ֧ާ ڧ , ٧ӧ֧٧ "֧ӧ֧ߧ ӧ" ( ҧ է ) ֧ާ, ٧ӧ֧٧ ܧӧѧէѧ 9, ާ ߧ ߧ֧ҧ ӧӧէ 2 ٧ӧ֧٧է, ܧ "ߧ ӧڧէߧ ԧݧѧ٧". ֧ާ ӧ٧ܧ էѧߧ ߧ ڧ. 6-8.


ڧ. 6-8. ݧѧ ֧էӧ֧էڧ 9 ٧ӧ֧٧.

ѧاէѧ ٧ӧ֧٧է ڧާ֧֧ ֧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ ߧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ:

1 - ҧ (Dubhe) - ֧ҧ֧ߧ ڧ ( ߧ );
2 - ֧ѧ (Merak) - ֧ҧ֧ߧ ѧާӧ֧ ( ߧ ѧߧ );
3 - ֧ܧէ (Phecda) - ֧ҧ֧ߧѧ ֧ާاڧߧ ( ߧ ٧ );
4 - ֧ԧ֧ (Megrez) - ֧ҧ֧ߧ ֧ ( ߧ ѧߧ );
5 - ݧڧ (Alioth) - ֧ڧӧѧ ( );
6 - ڧѧ (Mizar) - ѧڧܧ ݧߧ ( ܧѧ );
7 - ݧܧѧڧ (֧ߧ֧ߧѧ) (Alkaid/Benetnasch) - ֧ѧڧ ӧ֧ ( ԧѧ );
8 - ߧڧ٧ӧѧڧ ( է ާڧ );
9 - ܧݧ ӧ֧ ( ڧߧ ԧѧ ).

اѧݧ֧ߧڧ, ߧ ߧѧ֧ ߧ ڧߧާѧڧ ڧ էӧ էҧѧӧݧ֧ߧߧ ٧ӧ֧٧էѧ.

 

ѧӧ֧

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