ݧѧӧ 1

֧ߧڧ ѧܧѧݧӧѧ֧ԧ ܧݧѧܧ (ȭ)

ѧܧѧݧӧѧڧ ܧݧѧ - , (ߧڧ ֧ѧݧݧ) ӧݧ֧ էڧߧ , ֧ԧ է֧ާ ѧէ֧ߧڧ.

֧ӧ ֧ ѧ٧է֧ݧ "ק ֧" ҧڧݧߧ اէѧ ѧڧӧѧ "է֧ ӧ֧֧". " ֧ݧ" ӧ֧ԧէ ӧݧ ӧ֧ӧڧ֧ ߧ-. ӧ֧ӧڧ ߧ- ߧ֧ڧ٧ާ֧ߧߧ ӧݧ֧ ֧էڧߧ֧ߧڧ֧ ӧ֧-ߧڧ٧, ӧߧ֧ߧߧ֧ԧ-ӧߧ֧ߧ֧ԧ ڧ٧ӧէڧ էڧߧ . ا ڧڧߧ ڧ٧ҧѧاѧ֧ [ڧާӧݧ] ѧۧ٧, ӧݧ֧ ҧ֧էڧߧ֧ߧڧ֧ "ק ܧ [֧]" ӧݧ֧ ߧ֧էӧڧاߧ . ֧էӧ էӧڧا֧ߧڧ - اէѧ֧ ӧ֧.

ԧ [ѧۧ٧] ߧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ - "֧֧֧֧ߧڧ [֧֧ߧ] ". "֧֧֧֧ߧڧ" ߧڧ ֧ާݧ, ܧѧ اէѧ֧ "է֧ ӧ֧֧", ߧ է֧اڧ "֧ ܧѧ֧ӧ". ܧ ٧֧ߧڧ ڧܧݧ [ڧڧ] - ֧ާݧ, اէѧѧ ֧ѧݧ.

ܧ ٧֧ߧڧ ֧ߧڧӧܧ ܧݧѧܧ ѧܧѧݧӧѧڧ ܧݧѧ, ֧ԧ , էקާ-ѧէ֧ߧڧ, ӧ֧-ߧڧ էӧڧا֧ߧڧ ߧ ѧܧڧܧ, ҧէ ڧקާѧާ [ߧ ߧӧ ڧߧڧ] "ѧܧѧݧӧѧߧڧ ". ާ [ڧ֧ާ] ڧڧ ӧݧ֧ ߧ ֧ѧݧݧ.

ާѧݧߧ ֧ԧ ڧާӧݧ ӧݧ֧ [֧ܧڧ]. ڧ֧ާ ӧߧ֧ߧߧڧ ԧѧߧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ [֧ѧݧ] ڧߧѧէݧ֧اڧ קԧܧڧ. ڧ֧ާ ѧߧ - "ѧܧѧݧӧѧߧڧ [ѧ֧ݧ֧ߧڧ]".

ԧ [ѧܧѧݧӧѧ֧ԧ ܧݧѧܧ] ڧݧڧ-٧ڧߧ ѧӧڧݧߧ, ܧԧէ ݧקԧߧ ܧۧߧ; ֧ԧ ڧݧڧ-٧ڧߧ ߧ֧ѧӧڧݧߧ, ܧԧէ ݧקԧߧ ߧ֧ܧۧߧ, ڧӧ.

, էݧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ, ڧѧ֧ ԧݧѧӧߧ; ҧ֧٧ާ֧اߧ - ֧ݧ ާߧ, ߧ֧ܧۧߧ, ڧӧ - է ҧ֧ڧݧڧ, ߧ֧ާ. ֧ڧݧڧ ߧ֧֧ާ֧ߧߧ էڧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ, ѧߧ ߧڧܧԧէ ߧ էڧ ӧ ާѧ֧ӧ. ާ էݧ ֧ߧڧܧ [ѧߧ֧ߧڧ ֧ԧߧԧ ܧ] ӧݧ֧ ߧӧߧ է֧ݧ.

ԧݧѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ

ѧ٧է֧ ֧ӧ

֧ӧѧ ܧ էݧاѧ֧ ѧէѧ ӧߧڧ, ڧէ ѧߧߧ ѧݧѧԧѧ " " (⺣ - ѧ - ҧڧէߧ ߧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ߧڧ٧ اڧӧ), ٧ѧ֧ ߧӧ ڧէ֧ ӧӧ֧ ҧڧӧѧڧ էӧڧا֧ߧڧ֧ ӧߧ . ܧ ܧѧ ҧ ӧߧڧ - ߧڧ٧, ֧ݧ ӧӧߧ. էߧӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ԧݧѧӧѧߧߧ ݧ֧ӧѧ ߧ ڧէߧڧާѧ֧ [ է֧ݧѧ֧ ѧ]. "֧է" ܧڧ ҧѧ֧ߧ ӧӧ֧. ߧڧާܧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧ էߧӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ էѧ ѧ. ܧݧѧܧ - ߧ ӧ ӧߧ ԧݧѧ, ߧ ߧڧا ӧߧ .

֧ӧѧ ߧ է֧ݧѧ֧ ѧ ӧ֧ק ֧ݧڧާ ѧԧ. ֧ݧڧڧߧ ѧԧ ٧ѧӧڧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ. ֧ҧէڧާ ҧ ֧ݧ, էӧڧا֧ߧڧ ӧ֧ק, ҧ֧ ڧݧڧ էڧԧѧݧ ߧѧڧݧ֧ԧ ݧا֧ߧڧ. ܧѧ, ߧ ѧ٧ӧѧڧӧѧ֧ ߧܧ ߧѧا, ԧݧ է֧ӧߧ ԧѧէ [ߧڧ֧ݧߧ ѧӧ ], ܧѧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧ ߧ ߧڧާܧ. ާާ֧ߧ ѧӧѧ ҧݧѧ էݧاߧ "ӧߧ֧ߧߧ ѧܧ".

ѧӧѧ ܧڧ ԧڧӧѧ֧ ѧӧާ ҧܧ, "֧է֧" ӧӧ֧, ڧݧߧ ֧ݧ.

ѧ٧է֧ ӧ

֧֧ ߧѧѧ֧. ѧӧѧ ߧ ѧӧѧ ܧ, էߧӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ԧݧѧӧѧߧߧ ӧӧէ ӧ֧ק , ާާ֧ߧ ӧէ ӧ֧ק, ݧѧէߧ ܧڧէӧѧ. ѧӧѧ ݧѧէߧ ӧ֧ߧ "֧է֧" ӧߧڧ. ֧էߧڧ ѧݧ֧ ѧӧ ܧ էڧ ߧѧ ܧߧ֧ӧ ѧӧ ܧѧ٧ѧ֧ݧߧԧ ѧݧ ݧ֧ӧ ܧ. ܧ ާ֧էݧ֧ߧߧ ѧ٧էӧڧԧѧ - ѧӧѧ ݧܧѧ֧ ӧ֧ק, ݧ֧ӧѧ ԧڧӧѧ֧ ߧѧ٧ѧ. ܧ ߧԧ ѧӧߧާ֧ߧ ߧڧاѧ, ֧٧ݧѧ " ѧ [ܧ] ҧ֧էڧߧ էڧߧ", ѧߧѧݧԧڧߧ ٧ڧڧ [ѧߧ ], ѧܧӧѧ-ѧڧ ֧֧ ݧܧ: ӧ֧ק-ߧѧ٧ѧ, ӧӧ֧-ӧߧڧ.

ߧӧ էӧڧԧѧ֧ާ ӧ֧ק ܧѧ ݧ֧ӧ ާ.

֧ӧ-ѧӧ, ߧѧݧ֧ߧڧ-է, էקާ-ѧէѧߧڧ ӧڧէ ا ߧ ֧֧էӧڧا֧ߧڧ ԧ֧ߧڧ. ާݧ֧ߧڧ [էߧڧާѧߧڧ], , ا ߧ ֧֧ߧܧ ܧާݧ ߧ ݧ֧ѧ. ӧѧ֧ߧڧ ֧ݧ ߧ֧ݧ٧ ާ֧ ߧ ٧֧ާݧ ߧ էѧݧ֧ܧ, ߧ ҧݧڧ٧ܧ.

ѧ٧է֧ ֧ڧ

ߧ ٧ѧӧڧڧާ էݧڧߧ [ӧߧ] ݧ֧ӧ ߧ ӧݧ֧ӧ, ֧ݧ ӧѧѧ֧. ާ - "ݧ֧է ֧ҧ"(ȡ) ӧѧѧ ӧݧ֧ӧ. (֧ݧ ӧѧѧ֧ ӧѧӧ, ӧݧ֧էӧڧ ԧ, ѧܧѧݧӧѧڧ ܧݧѧ ߧڧ ֧ѧݧݧ, ҧѧߧ ٧ߧѧ֧ߧڧ - "ݧ֧է ֧ҧ"- ӧѧѧ ӧݧ֧ӧ)

ѧ٧է֧ ֧ӧ֧

ѧ٧ӧѧڧӧѧ֧ާ. ֧ӧѧ ߧԧ ܧ ӧާ֧ߧ ѧӧ ѧ٧ӧ. ֧ӧѧ ߧ ֧֧ ٧ѧէ, ܧѧ ڧ٧ҧѧا֧ߧ ߧ . ֧ӧѧ ܧ ԧڧӧѧ֧ ӧݧ֧ӧ, ݧߧ֧ߧާ ݧ֧֧ߧڧ. ѧӧѧ ܧ, ԧݧѧӧѧߧߧ էߧӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ѧӧ ߧԧ [ҧ֧էڧߧ֧ߧߧ ѧ] ܧ, ѧ٧ӧѧڧӧѧ ߧ 180 ԧѧէ. ѧӧѧ ܧ ѧӧѧ ߧԧ ӧէӧڧԧѧ, ݧڧ ӧ֧էڧߧ, ߧ ѧܧا, ܧѧ ާ ѧߧ .

[ѧ֧] ݧ֧ӧѧ ܧ ݧ֧ӧѧ ߧԧ էߧڧާѧ, ӧܧڧӧѧ ܧڧէӧѧ, ҧէߧ ӧ٧ѧڧާӧ٧ѧߧߧ. ӧէ [ӧ֧ק], էߧڧާѧ-ܧѧ ܧѧ [ҧݧ ڧѧߧ] ֧اէ.

ܧݧڧ֧ӧ ӧ֧ߧڧ "է ҧѧߧ", ߧ ާѧ ާ - ٧է֧ ߧ֧ ԧѧߧڧ֧ߧڧ ֧է֧ݧ֧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧާ էҧӧ ֧ݧ֧ҧѧ٧ߧ.

ѧѧ֧ާ ܧݧڧ֧ӧ ݧէ֧ ߧ ֧ߧڧӧܧ - [ԧէ- ާا֧ ҧ] է֧ ֧ݧӧ֧, [ާا֧ ҧ] ֧ݧӧ֧ էѧا .

ݧڧ֧ӧ ӧ֧ߧڧ "է ҧѧߧ", ߧ ާѧ ާ, ߧ ֧ߧڧӧܧ, ݧ֧է֧ ѧӧݧ ֧էӧѧڧ֧ݧߧާ ܧާѧߧէѧާ ֧էѧӧѧ֧ݧ. ѧ, ֧ҧߧ ֧ ҧէ֧ ԧѧߧڧ٧ӧѧ ߧѧڧݧڧ ҧѧ٧.

ѧ٧է֧

ѧܧѧߧڧӧѧ ާ: էڧԧߧ ڧէߧ ܧ [ާѧ], ֧ݧ ѧ٧ӧѧڧӧѧ֧ [ߧ 180 ԧѧէ], ڧߧڧާѧ ާ ѧߧ . ѧӧѧ ߧ ӧӧէڧ ӧ֧֧, ߧ ߧ էݧاߧ ҧ ֧֧ ҧݧڧ٧ܧ [ ݧ֧ӧ].

٧ߧѧߧڧ ܧ֧ߧ, "ާѧܧܧ ߧ֧", ԧҧ ާܧߧ, էѧߧڧ ֧֧ ߧ - ӧ -֧اߧ֧ާ. ֧֧ӧ ߧ է ѧڧӧѧ ѧާӧӧڧ. ӧ֧ާ ֧֧ӧ "էԧڧӧѧߧڧ ާѧܧܧ" էѧߧڧ - ܧѧ ѧߧ.

֧ӧߧڧ ާէ֧ ԧӧڧݧ: " ӧ֧ާ ֧֧ӧ ӧ٧ԧݧ ߧ֧ݧ٧ ܧѧ ӧߧڧ, ߧѧܧݧߧ ԧݧӧ, [ߧѧҧ] ݧ֧է֧ ݧ֧ԧܧ ٧ѧܧڧߧ ԧݧӧ ӧӧ֧". ѧܧڧէӧѧߧڧ ӧ٧ ӧӧ֧ ߧڧ ߧ, ӧߧڧ - . ѧܧڧէӧѧߧڧ ԧݧӧ ӧӧ֧ ٧ӧݧ֧ "ѧ֧ ߧܧ ݧѧާ", ԧݧѧ٧ ѧާ ҧ ѧߧӧ ٧ܧڧާ. ѧܧݧ ԧݧӧ ӧߧڧ ߧڧ , [ԧէ] "ߧܧ ݧѧާ էѧ֧ ӧӧ֧" ԧݧѧ٧ ܧѧߧ֧, ԧݧӧ ܧاڧ. , ڧާ֧ݧ ӧӧڧէ.

ѧ ܧѧا֧ էڧѧߧڧ ܧߧڧܧ ٧ܧ ӧ֧ߧ֧ԧ ߧקҧ: ݧ [ ] ӧէ֧ݧ֧ ݧߧ, ߧ֧ҧէڧާ ֧ ԧݧѧӧѧ, էѧҧ ڧ٧ҧ֧اѧ ֧֧ѧߧڧ ӧߧ֧ߧߧ֧ ѧ ԧѧߧ. էѧݧߧ֧֧ۧ ߧاߧ ѧ էҧߧ ҧѧ٧. ֧ߧڧ էݧا֧ ѧ֧ݧߧ ҧݧէѧ [ ѧӧڧݧ].